Open Access
Research (Published online: 29-09-2017)
21. Congenital arthrogryposis-hydranencephaly syndrome caused by Akabane virus in newborn calves of Basrah Governorate, Iraq
K. M. Alsaad, H. H. N. Alautaish and M. A. Y. Alamery
Veterinary World, 10(9): 1143-1148

K. M. Alsaad: Department of Internal and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
H. H. N. Alautaish: Department of Internal and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
M. A. Y. Alamery: Department of Internal and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2017.1143-1148

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Article history: Received: 15-06-2017, Accepted: 30-08-2017, Published online: 29-09-2017

Corresponding author: K. M. Alsaad


Citation: Alsaad KM, Alautaish HHN, Alamery MAY (2017) Congenital arthrogryposis-hydranencephaly syndrome caused by Akabane virus in newborn calves of Basrah Governorate, Iraq, Veterinary World, 10(9): 1143-1148.

Aim: The study was conducted in Basrah, Iraq, to diagnose congenital arthrogryposis-hydranencephaly syndrome caused by Akabane virus (AKAV) in calves.

Materials and Methods: Affected animals (42 calves) are about 2-27 days old from both sexes show signs of arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly. Eight clinically healthy newborn calves were considered as controls. Diagnosis of AKAV was confirmed using a competition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test.

Results: Results show that all affected calves were found seropositive. Furthermore, a significant increase in total leukocyte count in diseased calves due to a significant increase in the absolute lymphocyte number indicated in affected calves than in controls. Moreover, a significant increase in sedimentation rate of erythrocytes was also encountered in diseased calves than in controls. In addition, a significant increase in haptoglobin level and fibrinogen was also detected.

Conclusion: Diagnosis of AKAV infection of Basrah Governorate, Iraq, will provide useful epidemiological information for cattle and other domesticated animals. Therefore, abortion could be prevented and controlled.

Keywords: Akabane virus, arthrogryposis-hydranencephaly, calves, Iraq.


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