Article history: Received: 18-05-2018, Accepted: 13-08-2018, Published online: 25-09-2018
Corresponding author: Meryem Guessoum
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgCitation: Guessoum M, Guechi Z, Adnane M (2018) First-time serological and molecular detection of Helicobacter pylori in milk from Algerian local-breed cows, Veterinary World, 11(9): 1326-1330.
Aim: The present study was conducted to detect and identify Helicobacter pylori within local cow breeds in the central region of Algeria.
Materials and Methods: Two hundred (n=200) cows from three provinces of the central region of Algeria were studied, between January 2016 and September 2017. Each cow was subject to stool, milk, and blood sampling. Milk and fecal samples were used to detect and identify H. pylori using bacteriology culture method. Blood and milk samples were used to detect H. pylori immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Polymerase chain reaction was used to confirm the abundance of H. pylori in milk by detecting glmM gene.
Results: Out of 200 sera and 200 milk samples, 12% (24) and 4% (8/200) were positive for the H. pylori IgG antibody. glmM gene was detected in the milk of 13% of cows and was confirmed in all cows presenting IgG in milk.
Conclusion: From the present study, we concluded that the glmM gene is an important marker for detecting H. pylori in milk. Moreover, Algerian local-breed cows are a source of H. pylori and could be responsible for serious zoonosis.
Keywords: Algeria, cows, feces, Helicobacter pylori, milk, serum.
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