Open Access
Research (Published online: 08-01-2019)
6. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in cattle and sheep in three municipalities in the Colombian Northeastern Mountain
Juan Carlos Pinilla Leon, Nelson Uribe Delgado and Angel Alberto Florez
Veterinary World, 12(1): 48-54

Juan Carlos Pinilla Leon: Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Santander, Faculty of Exact, Natural and Agricultural Sciences, Animal Science Research Group, Bucaramanga, Colombia.
Nelson Uribe Delgado: Department of Parasitology, Industrial University of Santander, Faculty of Health, Research Group in Molecular Epidemiology, Bucaramanga, Colombia.
Angel Alberto Florez: Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Santander, Faculty of Exact, Natural and Agricultural Sciences, Animal Science Research Group, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2019.48-54

Share this article on [Facebook] [LinkedIn]

Article history: Received: 17-08-2018, Accepted: 22-11-2018, Published online: 08-01-2019

Corresponding author: Juan Carlos Pinilla Leon


Citation: Pinilla Leon JC, Delgado NU, Florez AA (2019) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in cattle and sheep in three municipalities in the Colombian Northeastern Mountain, Veterinary World, 12(1): 48-54.

Aim: The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites in cattle and sheep from three municipalities in the Colombian Northeastern Mountain.

Materials and Methods: Overall, 200 fecal samples were collected directly from the rectum in cattle and sheep. The presence of helminths eggs and coccidial oocysts in fecal samples was detected using McMaster and Dennis techniques. Identification of eggs or oocysts was done on the basis of morphology and size of the eggs or oocysts.

Results: The global prevalence of GI parasites was 56.3%. Regarding the prevalence by municipalities, there was no statistical association (p>0.05), indicating that the prevalence was similar in the three municipalities. The prevalence of parasitic infection was higher in sheep (63%) as compared to that of cattle (50.5%), but the difference was nonsignificant (p>0.05). The most prevalent parasites were Eimeria spp., Fasciola hepatica, and Strongylida order. Regarding the results for Eimeria spp., different degrees of positivity were observed, but there was no statistical association (p>0.05) with respect to the age group. Likewise, there was no statistical association (p>0.05) between the prevalence for Strongylida order and F. hepatica with respect to the age group.

Conclusion: Cattle and sheep in Colombian Northeastern Mountain were infected with helminths and coccidia. The prevalence values of GI parasites were moderate in both species warranting treatment. The presence of F. hepatica represents a risk factor to health public. Future studies are required to evaluate the parasitic dynamics throughout the year and the impact on animal production.

Keywords: cattle, gastrointestinal parasites, prevalence, sheep.


1. Cordero, C.M. and Rojas, F. (1999) Parasitologia Veterinaria. 1st ed. McGraw Hill, Espa-a. p323.

2. Charlier, J., Hoglund, J., Samson-Himmelstgorna, G. and Dorny, P. (2009) Gastrointestinal nematode infections in adult dairy cattle: Impact on production, diagnosis and control. Vet. Parasitol., 164(1): 70-79. [Crossref] [PubMed]

3. Becerra, W. (2001). Considerations on sustainable strategies for the control of Fasciola hepatica in Latin America. Rev. Col. Cienc. Pec., 14(1): 28-35.

4. Muro, A. and Ramajo, M. (2002) Paramfistomosis. In: del Campillo, C., Rojo, F.A., editors. Parasitologia Veterinaria. McGraw-Hill, Espa-a. p225-228.

5. ICA. (2017) Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario. Vigilancia Epidemiologica. Censo Pecuario Nacional-2017. Available from: Last accessed on 10-07-2018.

6. Gobernacion de Santander. (2017) Municipios del Departamento de Santander. Available from: Accessed on 12-07-2018.

7. Gobernacion de Boyaca. (2017) Municipios del Departamento de Boyaca. Available from: Accessed on 12-07-2018.

8. Thrusfield, M. (2007) Veterinary Epidemiology. 3rd ed. Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford. p624.

9. Estrada, V., Gomez, M. and Velasquez, L. (2006). The hygiene of cattle and bovine fasciolosis, Medellin and Rionegro, 1914-1970. IATREIA., 19(4): 393-407.

10. Sandoval, E., Morales, G., Ybarra, N., Barrios, M. and Borges, J. (2011) Comparison between two different models of McMaster chambers used for the counting in the diagnosis of nematode infections gastroenteric in ruminants. Zootec. Trop., 29 (4): 495-501.

11. Correa, S., Martinez, Y.L., Lopez, J.L. and Velasquez, L.E. (2016) Evaluation of the modified Dennis technique for the diagnosis of bovine fasciolosis. Biomedica., 36 (1): 64-68. [PubMed]

12. IBM. (2012) SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. IBM Corporation, Armonk, New York.

13. Fiel, C., Steffan, P. and Ferreyra, P. (2011) In: Fiel, C., Steffan, P., Ferreyra, P., editors. Diagnostico mas Frecuente de las Parasitosis de los Rumiantes: Tecnicas de Laboratorio e Interpretacion de Resultados. Republica de Argentina, Buenos Aires. p131.

14. Urdaneta, F., Urdaneta, A., Parra, A., Chacin, E., Ramirez, R. and Angulo, F. (2011) Prevalence and degree of infection of gastrointestinal helminths in double purpose cattle herds in Miranda municipality of the state of Zulia, Venezuela. Rev. Cient. FCV-LUZ., 2 (2): 184-193.

15. Quiroz, H., Figueroa, J., Ibarra, F. and Lopez, M., editors. (2011) Epidemiologia de Enfermedades Parasitarias en Animales Domesticos. FMVZ UNAM, Mexico. p655.

16. Colina, J., Mendoza, G. and Jara, C. (2013) Prevalence and intensity of gastrointestinal parasitism by 313 nematodes in bovines, Bos taurus, from the Pacanga district (La Libertad, Peru). Rebiol., 33 (2): 76-83.

17. Diaz de Ramirez, A., Justo, J.A., Gonzalez, M., Pi-a, E.F. and Ramirez, L.I. (1998) Prevalence of coccidia in bovines of the plains of Monay, Trujillo state, Venezuela. Rev. Cient. FCV-LUZ., 3 (4): 346-353.

18. Orjuela, J., Navarrete, M., Betancourt, A., Roqueme, L., Cortez, E. and Morrison, R. (1991) Health and productivity in cattle of the northern coast of Colombia. World. Anim. Rev., 69 (4): 7-14.

19. Pinilla, J.C., Florez, P., Sierra, M., Morales, E., Sierra, R., Vasquez, M.C., Tobon, J.C., Sanchez, A. and Ortiz, D. (2018) Point prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in double purpose cattle of Rio de Oro and Aguachica municipalities, Cesar state, Colombia. Vet. Parasitol. Reg. Stud. Rep., 12: 26-30. [Crossref]

20. Dominguez, J.L., Rodriguez, R.I. and Honhold, N. (1993) Epizootiology of gastrointestinal parasites in bovines of the state of Yucatan. Veto. Mex., 24 (3): 189-193.

21. Rodriguez-Vivas, R.I., Cob-Galera, L.A. and Dominguez-Alpizar, J.L. (2001) Frequency of gastrointestinal parasites in domestic animals diagnosed in Yucatan, Mexico. Rev. Biomed., 12 (1): 19-25. [Crossref]

22. Ensuncho-Hoyos, C., Castellano-Coronado, A., Maza-Angulo, L., Bustamante-Yanez, M. and Vergara-Garay, O. (2014) Prevalence and degree of infection of gastrointestinal nematodes in sheep of short hair grazing in four municipalities of Cordoba, Colombia. Rev. Cient. FCV-LUZ., 24 (5): 414-420.

23. Diaz-Anaya, A., Chavarro-Tulcan, G., Pulido-Medellin, M., Garcia-Corredor, D. and Vargas-Avella, J. (2017) Coproparasitological study in sheep grazing in Boyaca, Colombia. Rev. Salud Anim., 39 (1): 1-8.

24. Pulido-Medellin, M., Garcia-Corredor, D., Diaz-Anaya, A. and Andrade-Becerra, R. (2014) Research of gastrointestinal parasites in small sheep farms in the municipality of Toca, Colombia. Rev. Salud Anim., 36 (1): 65-69.

25. Shepelo, P., Gitau, G., Matiku, C., Vanleeuwen, J., Shauna, R., Jeff, W., Fabienne, U. and Omwando, M. (2015) Prevalence of Cryptosporidia, Eimeria, Giardia, and Strongyloides in pre-weaned calves on smallholder dairy farms in Mukurwe-ini district, Kenya. Vet. World., 8(9): 1118-1125. [Crossref] [PubMed] [PMC]

26. Tamasaukas, R., Agudo, L. and Vintimilla, M. (2010) Pathology of bovine coccidiosis in Venezuela: A review. Rev. Electron. Vet., 11 (7): 1-39.

27. Tomczuk, K., Grzybek, M., Szczepaniak, K., Studzinska, M., Demkowska, M., Roczen, M. and Klockiewicz, M. (2015) Analysis of intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing the dynamics of bovine Eimeria spp. from central-eastern Poland. Vet. Parasitol., 214(1-2): 22-28. [Crossref] [PubMed]

28. Rojas, D. and Cartin, J. (2016) Prevalence of Fasciola hepatica and economic losses associated with the confiscation of livers in three class A slaughterhouses in Costa Rica. Agron. Costarric., 40 (2): 53-62.

29. Soca-Perez, M., Giupponi-Cardoso, P., Lopez-Vigoa, O., Sanavria, A., Sanchez-Santana, T. and Labrada-Vazquez, A. (2016) Prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in cows in pasture during the dry season. Forages Pastures., 39 (4): 281-285.

30. Ticona, D., Chavez, A., Casas, G., Chavera, C.A. and Li, E. (2010) Prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in bovines and sheep from Vilcashuaman, Ayacucho. Rev. Invest. Vet. Peru., 21 (2): 168-74.

31. Gauta, J., Perez, A., Lecuna, J., Garcia, M., Aguirre, A., Armas, S. and Quijada, J. (2011) Prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in high-altitude livestock in Bailadores, Merida, Venezuela. Rev. Electron. Vet., 12 (11): 1-8.

32. Estupi-an, J., Pabuena, J., Castro, C., Morales, E., Vasquez, M., Calle, M. and Sierra, R. (2016) Determination of the prevalence of Fasciola hepatica in bovines from Rio de Oro and Aguachica, Cesar. Fac. Cienc. Health UDES J., 3 (S1): 19.

33. Recalde-Reyes, D., Padilla, L., Giraldo, M., Toro, L., Gonzalez, M. and Casta-o, J. (2014) Prevalence of Fasciola hepatica, in humans and cattle in the department of Quindio -Colombia 2012-2013. Infectio., 18 (4): 153-157. [Crossref]

34. Valderrama, A. (2016) Prevalence of fascioliasis in polygastric animals of Peru, 1985-2015. Rev. Med. Vet., 32 (2): 121-129.

35. Bedoya, J., Hurtado, Y., Perez, J., Solano, S., Usuga, V., Vanegas, M., Gomez, C., Lopez, J. and Velasquez, L. (2012) First registration of fascioliasis and paramfistomosis foci in double purpose cattle, Gomez Plata, Antioquia, Colombia. Facts. Microbiol., 3 (1): 31-39.

36. Alarcon, P. and Velasquez, L. (2009) Morphological description of Cotylophoron cotylophorum (Digenea: Paramphistomidae) found in bovines of Rio Negro, Antioquia, Colombia. Rev. Colomb. Science. Pecua., 22 (2): 168-177.

37. Lopez, J. and Velasquez, L. (2012) Cotylophoron panamensis (Digenea: Paramphistomidae) in bovines of Meta and Guaviare, Colombia, Act. Biol. Colomb., 17 (2): 421-430.

38. Galvis, J.D., Parra, G.D. and Hernandez de Galvis, A.L. (1984) Evidence of ovine paraphysiomyomiasis in Colombia. Rev. ICA., 19: 413-416.

39. Zintl, A., Garcia-Campos, A., Trudgett, A., Chryssafidis, A., Talavera-Arce, S., Fu, Y., Egan, S., Lawlor, A., Negredo, C., Brennan, G., Hanna, R., De Waal, T. and Mulcahy, G. (2014) Bovine paramphistomes in Ireland. Vet. Parasitol., 204(3-4): 199-208. [Crossref] [PubMed]

40. Herrera, L., Rios, L. and Zapata, R. (2013) Frequency of infection by gastrointestinal nematodes in sheep and goats of five municipalities of Antioquia. Rev. MVZ Cordoba., 18 (3): 3851-3860.

41. Zapata, R., Velasquez, R., Herrera, L., Rios, L. and Polanco, D. (2016) Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in sheep and goat production systems under confinement, semi-confinement and grazing in municipalities of Antioquia, Colombia. Rev. Invest. Vet. Peru, 27 (2): 344-354.