Veterinary World


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Copyright: The authors. This article is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

Research (Published online : 10-04-2013)

3. Haematological and biochemical analysis in canine enteritis - Abid Ali Bhat, Des Raj Wadhwa, Summer Preet Singh and Inderpal Singh

Vet World. 2013; 6(7): 380-383


Aim: The present investigation screened eighteen clinical cases of canine enteritis for haematological and biochemical analyses.

Materials and Methods: Eighteen dogs suffering from enteritis were selected and detailed clinical manifestations were noted. Hematological and biochemical parameters were estimated by using various kits. Blood was also collected from twelve healthy dogs for establishing control values and data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis.

Results: The affected dogs showed anorexia, diarrhoea, depression, varying degree of dehydration and tachycardia. There were significant changes in packed cell volume, neutrophils, lymphocytes and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration. Biochemical investigation revealed significant decrease in plasma glucose, total plasma protein, albumin and albumin:globulin ratio (A:G ratio). The level of potassium and chloride was markedly decreased. Significant increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was observed.

Conclusion: Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Total Erythrocyte Count (TEC) remained almost similar between healthy dogs and dogs affected with diarrhoea. Mean Total Leukocyte Count (TLC) value was significantly higher as compared to the control group. Hypoglycemia, hypoproteinemia, hypokalemia, hypochloremia and increase in blood urea nitrogen was observed in dogs suffering from enteritis.

Key words: canine, enteritis, haematological-biochemical analyses.