present investigation screened eighteen clinical cases of canine enteritis for
haematological and biochemical analyses.
Materials and Methods: Eighteen
dogs suffering from enteritis were selected and detailed clinical manifestations
were noted. Hematological and biochemical parameters were estimated by using
various kits. Blood was also collected from twelve healthy dogs for establishing
control values and data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis.
Results: The affected dogs showed anorexia, diarrhoea, depression, varying
degree of dehydration and tachycardia. There were significant changes in packed
cell volume, neutrophils, lymphocytes and mean corpuscular haemoglobin
concentration. Biochemical investigation revealed significant decrease in plasma
glucose, total plasma protein, albumin and albumin:globulin ratio (A:G ratio).
The level of potassium and chloride was markedly decreased. Significant increase
in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was observed.
Conclusion: Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Total Erythrocyte Count (TEC)
remained almost similar between healthy dogs and dogs affected with diarrhoea.
Mean Total Leukocyte Count (TLC) value was significantly higher as compared to
the control group. Hypoglycemia, hypoproteinemia, hypokalemia, hypochloremia and
increase in blood urea nitrogen was observed in dogs suffering from enteritis.
Key words: canine, enteritis, haematological-biochemical analyses.